In Essence: Geranium Essential Oil

IN ESSENCE…

    • Pelargonium graveolens is the Geranium species that is most commonly cultivated for the extraction of the sweet-smelling essential oil.

 

    • Used in aromatherapy applications, Geranium Essential Oil reduces feelings of stress, anxiety, sadness, fatigue, and tension, enhances concentration, improves cognitive function, and balances the emotions as well as the hormones.

 

    • Used cosmetically or topically in general, Geranium Essential Oil is reputed to effectively eliminate dead cells, tighten the skin, promote the regeneration of new skin, and diminish signs of aging.

 

  • Used medicinally, Geranium Essential Oil works as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agent. It is reputed to enhance circulation, soothe symptoms of menstruation and menopause, reduce blood pressure and pain, and boost immunity.

HISTORY OF GERANIUM OIL

As early as the time of the ancient Egyptians, Geranium Oil has been used in a vast range of applications including the promotion of a clear, smooth, radiant complexion, the balancing of hormones, the alleviation of anxiety and fatigue, and the improvement of moods. When the Geranium botanical was introduced to Europe in the late 17th century, its fresh leaves were used in finger bowls. Traditionally, Geranium Essential Oil has been used as an insect repellent and it has also to flavor food, soft drinks, and alcoholic beverages.

Although this perennial shrub is indigenous to South Africa, the Geranium plant is now cultivated throughout the world, namely in Central America, Europe, the Congo, Egypt, Russia, and Japan. The Geranium species that is most commonly cultivated for the extraction of the sweet-smelling essential oil is Pelargonium graveolens. Depending on the country in which the specific varieties of Geraniums originate, Geranium Essential Oils may exhibit differing properties.

GERANIUM OIL BENEFITS

The main chemical constituents of Geranium Essential Oil are: Linalool, Geranyl formate, Citronellol, and Geraniol.

LINALOOL is believed to exhibit the following activity:

  • Sedative
  • Anti-depressant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Anti-epileptic
  • Analgesic

GERANYL FORMATE is believed to exhibit the following activity:

  • Anti-fungal
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Aromatic (fresh, green, floral, fruity)

CITRONELLOL is believed to exhibit the following activity:

  • Anti-fungal
  • Sedative
  • Anti-viral
  • Anti-microbial
  • Anti-spasmodic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-oxidant
  • Anti-convulsant

GERANIOL is believed to exhibit the following activity:

  • Anti-oxidant
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Anti-septic
  • Analgesic

Used in aromatherapy applications, Geranium Essential Oil is known to reduce feelings of stress, anxiety, sadness, fatigue, and tension, thereby enhancing the general sense of well-being and relaxation, while offering relief to those suffering from insomnia. Its sweet, uplifting floral scent makes it an ideal ingredient in the manufacturing of soaps and cosmetics, such as creams and perfumes. Furthermore, the scent of Geranium Oil is known to enhance concentration, improve cognitive function, and balance the emotions as well as the hormones. Its calming and tonic properties are known to regulate several body systems, including the respiratory and circulatory functions. This facilitates functions such as nutrient absorption and digestion, and as a result, it improves general health. When Geranium Oil is combined with any of the following essential oils, it is known to contribute to a blend that is aromatically appealing: Angelica, Basil, Bergamot, Carrot Seed, Cedarwood, Citronella, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavandin, Lavender, Lemon, Lime, Neroli, Orange, and Rosemary.

Used cosmetically or topically in general, Geranium Essential Oil is reputed to contribute to the health of the skin cells and ultimately the health of the complexion. It is known to effectively eliminate dead cells and to promote the regeneration of newer, healthier skin, thus benefitting the acne-prone skin. Its astringent property helps tighten the skin and to diminish the appearance of the symptoms of aging, such as sagging and wrinkling skin. For decades, Geranium Oil has also been used to promote hair growth by nourishing the scalp and balancing the production of sebum and natural oils.

Its anti-bacterial properties make Geranium Oil an ideal ingredient in cosmetic deodorants, as it eliminates body odor and leaves the body through perspiration.

When applied in a massage, Geranium Essential Oil is known to encourage muscles to contract, which firms the appearance of muscles and results in the body looking toned over time. By increasing collagen production, Geranium Oil is known to enhance elasticity and to maintain the skin’s softness and smoothness, which is especially beneficial on skin that has been exposed to chemicals, UV radiation, or rough physical activity. When used regularly, diluted Geranium Oil is also advantageous for strengthening loose, aging, or acne-prone skin. On scars, unwanted spots, blemishes, stretch marks, and cuts, Geranium Oil’s cicatrizant property is known to accelerate healing and fading. While boosting skin’s regenerative ability, it also evens out skin tone and the appearance of cellulite.

Used medicinally, Geranium Essential Oil works as an anti-inflammatory and anti-septic agent making it a beneficial ingredient for use in moisturizers that are meant to treat skin ailments such as excessive oil, acne, eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis. It is reputed to enhance circulation, soothe symptoms of menstruation and menopause, and reduce blood pressure as well as pain. When applied to wounds, Geranium Oil is known to protect them against toxins and infections, which then allows the body to boost its immunity from within rather than directing its efforts to an external challenge. By creating blood clots, Geranium Oil stems the flow of blood, which accelerates the healing of wounds. It is reputed to address the discomforts of eczema, Athlete’s Foot and other fungal infections, burns, frostbite, and even sore throats.

 Geranium Oil is reputed to have many therapeutic properties. The following highlights its many benefits and the kinds of activity it is believed to show:

    • COSMETIC: Anti-Inflammatory, Relaxing, Balancing, Astringent, Deodorant, Tonic
    • ODOROUS: Anti-Inflammatory, Relaxing, Balancing, Decongestant, Deodorant, Anti-Depressant, Uplifting
  • MEDICINAL: Anti-Inflammatory, Relaxing, Astringent, Tonic, Anti-Viral, Anti-Bacterial, Decongestant, Anti-septic

GERANIUM OIL USES

Used in aromatherapy applications, the sweet scent of Geranium Oil is uplifting, energizing, and inspiring, offering a sense of positivity and good health, both physically and mentally. To diminish feelings of sadness and stress and to enhance cognitive function, diffuse 2-3 drops of Geranium Essential Oil in an essential oil diffuser. This has the added benefit of soothing a sore throat and addressing sinus infections.

For a cosmetic fragrance that balances the mood and that can be applied to the wrist, the inside of the elbows, and the neck in the same way as a regular perfume, first select a Carrier Oil of a personal preference. In a dry glass container, pour in 2 Tbsp. of the chosen Carrier Oil, then add 3 drops Geranium Essential Oil, 3 drops Bergamot Essential Oil, and 2 drops Lavender Essential Oil. Cover the container and shake it well to thoroughly blend all the oils together. To use this natural, homemade perfume, simply dab a few drops onto the aforementioned pulse points. Alternatively, a cosmetic fragrance can be made in the form of a natural deodorant by combining 5 drops of Geranium Essential Oil and 5 Tbsp. of water in a spray bottle. This refreshing and anti-bacterial body spray can be used daily to eliminate body odors.

Used in topical applications, Geranium Oil’s astringency makes it beneficial for tightening skin that is affected by symptoms of aging, such as wrinkles. To firm the appearance of sagging skin, simply add 2 drops of Geranium Essential Oil to a face cream and apply it twice daily until there are visible results. To tighten larger areas of skin, create a massage oil by diluting 5 drops of Geranium Essential Oil in 1 Tbsp. of Jojoba Carrier Oil before massaging it into the affected areas, concentrating especially on muscles that are likely to sag. Geranium Oil is reputed to not only tone the abdomen and support the growth of new skin but to also facilitate the efficacy of the metabolism.

geranium_captionimage

For a facial serum that that slows the look of aging, pour 2 Tbsp. of a Carrier Oil of personal preference into a dark 1 oz. glass dropper bottle. Recommended oils include Argan, Coconut, Sesame, Sweet Almond, Jojoba, Grapeseed, and Macadamia. Next, pour in 2 drops Geranium Essential Oil, 2 drops Lavender Essential Oil, 2 drops Sandalwood Essential Oil, 2 drops Rose Absolute, 2 drops Helichrysum Essential Oil, and 2 drops Frankincense Essential Oil. As each essential oil is added, gently shake the bottle to thoroughly incorporate it. Cleanse and tone the face before massaging 2 drops of the resultant serum into the face, focusing more on areas with fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots. When the product has absorbed into the skin, moisturize with a regular cream. When the product is not in use, store it in a cool and dark area.

For a gentle oil blend that enhances skin’s health and appearance, especially on skin afflicted by ailments such as acne and dermatitis, simply dilute 5 drops of Geranium Essential Oil in 1 tsp. of Coconut Carrier Oil. Next, gently massage this blend onto the affected area twice daily. It can be used every day until results are visible. Alternatively, 2 drops of Geranium Essential Oil can be added to a regular facial cleanser or body wash.

For a hair conditioner that gently hydrates and restores the natural pH of the scalp for strands that appear and feel softer and healthier, first combine 1 cup water, 2 Tbsp. Apple Cider Vinegar, and 10 drops of Geranium Essential Oil in a 240 ml (8 oz.) glass spray bottle or in a BPA-free plastic spray bottle. Shake the bottle vigorously to thoroughly blend all the ingredients together. To use this conditioner, spray it onto the hair, allow it to soak in for 5 minutes, then rinse it out. This recipe should yield 20-30 uses.

Used in medicinal applications, Geranium Oil is reputed to be ideal for addressing fungal and viral ailments, such as shingles, herpes, and Athlete’s Foot, as well as problems related to inflammation and dryness, such as eczema. For an oil blend that is moisturizing, soothing, and regenerative for feet affected by Athlete’s Foot, combine 1 Tbsp. Soya Bean Carrier Oil, 3 drops Wheatgerm Carrier Oil, and 10 drops Geranium Essential Oil in a dark bottle. To use, first soak the feet in a warm foot bath consisting of Sea Salt and 5 drops of Geranium Essential Oil. Next, apply the oil blend to the foot and massage it thoroughly into the skin. This can be done twice daily, once in the morning and again in the evening.

For an anti-bacterial bath that facilitates the elimination of bodily toxins and inhibits the onset of external contamination, first combine 10 drops Geranium Essential Oil, 10 drops Lavender Essential Oil, and 10 drops Cedarwood Essential Oil with 2 cups of Sea Salt. Pour this salt blend into a bathtub under hot running water. Before entering the tub, ensure that the salt has dissolved completely. Soak in this aromatic, relaxing, and protective bath for 15-30 minutes to stimulate better circulation and to promote the faster healing of blemishes, wounds, and irritations.

A Geranium Oil massage blend is known to ease puffiness, remove excess fluid in the skin and tissues, and firm sagginess. For a blend that tightens the skin and improves muscle tone, dilute 5-6 drops of Geranium Essential Oil in 1 Tbsp. Olive Carrier Oil or Jojoba Carrier Oil and gently massage it over the entire body before taking a bath or shower. For a calming massage blend that is reputed to address muscle tension and nerve pain, dilute 3 drops of Geranium Essential Oil in 1 Tbsp. of Coconut Carrier Oil. This blend is also beneficial for issues with inflammation, such as arthritis.

For an anti-microbial remedy that not only soothes and disinfects scrapes, cuts, and wounds, but that also quickly stops the bleeding, dilute 2 drops of Geranium Essential Oil in water and wash the affected area with this mixture. Alternatively, Geranium Essential Oil can be diluted in 1 Tbsp. of Olive Carrier Oil and spread in a thin layer on the affected area. This application can be continued daily until the wound or irritation heals or clears up.

Alternatively, a remedial salve can be made with the addition of several other healing essential oils: First, place a double boiler on low heat and pour 30 ml (1 oz.) Beeswax into the upper half of the double boiler until the wax melts. Next, add ¼ cup Almond Carrier Oil, ½ cup Jojoba Carrier Oil, ¾ cup Tamanu Carrier Oil, and 2 Tbsp. Neem Carrier Oil and stir the mixture. Remove the double boiler from the heat for a few minutes and allow the blend to cool down without allowing the Beeswax to harden. Next, add the following essential oils, making sure to whisk in each one thoroughly before adding the next: 6 drops Geranium Essential Oil, 5 drops Lavender Essential Oil, 5 drops Cedarwood Essential Oil, and 5 drops Tea Tree Essential Oil. When all the oils have been added, mix the combination once more to ensure complete blending, then pour the final product into a tin car or a glass jar. Continue stirring the blend occasionally and allow it to cool. This can be applied in a small amount to cuts, wounds, scars, and bug bites. When the product is not in use, it can be stored in a cool and dry area.

Geranium Oil is known to provide relief for feminine issues such as the discomforts associated with menstruation. For a relieving massage blend that soothes the uneasy symptoms, such as pain, soreness, and tightness, first, pour ½ cup of a Carrier Oil of personal preference into a clean and dry bottle. Recommended Carrier Oils include Sweet Almond, Grapeseed, and Sunflower. Next, add 15 drops Geranium Essential Oil, 12 drops Cedarwood Essential Oil, 5 drops Lavender Essential Oil, and 4 drops Mandarin Essential Oil. Cap the bottle, gently shake it to thoroughly combine all the ingredients, and allow it to sit overnight in a cool and dry area. To use this blend, gently massage a small amount of it onto the skin of the belly and the lower back in a clockwise direction. This can be used daily for a week leading up to the beginning of the menstrual cycle.

A GUIDE TO GERANIUM OIL VARIETIES & THEIR BENEFITS

GERANIUM ESSENTIAL OIL (BOURBON)

Botanical Name: Pelargonium graveolens L’Her.

Method of Extraction and Plant Part: Steam distilled from leaves & flowers

Country of Origin: China

Believed to:

  • Have the same therapeutic properties as other varieties of Geranium Oil, but to be the preferred variety among aromatherapists, due to its more preferable fragrance
  • Be both mentally and physically balancing, soothing, and regulating
  • Stabilize hormones and negative moods
  • Regulate sebum production in both dry and oily skin
  • Promote cell regeneration
  • Encourage blood clotting to promote the faster healing of wounds
  • Enhance immunity and boost resistance to stress
  • Have uplifting properties that enhance the mood to reduce feelings of anxiety, nervousness, irritability, and sadness
  • Exhibit deodorizing and disinfecting properties
  • Reduce the appearance of cellulite

GERANIUM ESSENTIAL OIL (EGYPTIAN) / GERANIUM ORGANIC ESSENTIAL OIL

Botanical Name: Pelargonium graveolens Pelargonium x asperum

Method of Extraction and Plant Part: Steam distilled from leaves & flowers

Country of Origin: Egypt

Believed to:

  • Balance and enhance the complexion
  • Be ideal for use in addressing feminine ailments related to reproductive health
  • Have uplifting properties that enhance the mood to reduce feelings of anxiety, nervousness, irritability, and sadness
  • Exhibit astringent properties that cause the skin, tissues, and muscles to contract in order to leave the face and body looked clear, toned, and tightened
  • Stimulate and enhance circulation
  • Have anti-oxidant, anti-fungal, and anti-bacterial properties that may prevent viral infections
  • Facilitate the body’s elimination of toxins
  • Enhance digestion and reduce the chances of developing flatulence

ROSE GERANIUM ORGANIC ESSENTIAL OIL

Botanical Name: Pelargonium roseum x asperum

Method of Extraction and Plant Part: Steam distilled from leaves

Country of Origin: South Africa

Believed to:

  • Have the same therapeutic properties as other varieties of Geranium Oil
  • Usually be used in combination with other floral essential oils, often with Lavender, or to soften more herbaceous scents
  • Often be used to extend the more expensive Rose Oils or the endangered Rosewood Oil, when it is available.
  • Be a staple ingredient for formulators who rely on essential oils for their high-end fragrance profiles

ROSE GERANIUM SOUTH AFRICAN ESSENTIAL OIL

Botanical Name: Pelargonium roseum X asperum

Method of Extraction and Plant Part: Steam distilled from petals

Country of Origin: South Africa

Believed to:

  • Have the same therapeutic properties as other varieties of Geranium Oil
  • Be one of the most fragrant species of Rose Geranium
  • Be used in perfumery and in the cosmetics industry, as it can be made to imitate many other fragrances
  • Be often used to ‘stretch’ the scent of much more expensive Rose Oils

CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR GERANIUM OIL

Geranium Oil should never be ingested due to its toxicity. It is imperative to consult a medical practitioner before using this oil for therapeutic purposes. Pregnant and nursing women are especially advised not to use Geranium Essential Oil without the medical advice of a physician, as it may have an effect on certain hormone secretions and it is unclear whether these effects are transferable to babies at these stages of development. The oil should always be stored in an area that is inaccessible to children, especially those under the age of 7.

Due to Geranium Oil’s styptic property, those with the following health conditions are recommended to be advised: diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure and other heart-related ailments, peptic ulcers, liver damage, bleeding disorders, skin disorders, or hormone-related ailments. Individuals that are taking prescription drugs, undergoing major surgery, or who are at a greater risk of experiencing strokes, heart attacks, or atherosclerosis are also advised to seek medical consultation prior to use.

Prior to using Geranium Oil, a skin test is recommended. This can be done by diluting 1 drop of the Essential Oil in 4 drops of a Carrier Oil and applying a dime-size amount of this blend to a small area of skin that is not sensitive. Geranium Oil must never be used near the eyes, inner nose, and ears, or on any other particularly sensitive areas of skin. Potential side effects of Geranium Oil include sensitization, rashes, and a burning sensation.

Those seeking medical care to manage moods, behaviors, or disorders should treat this essential oil as a complementary remedy rather than a replacement for any medicinal treatments or prescriptions. In the event of an allergic reaction, discontinue use of the product and see a doctor, pharmacist, or allergist immediately for a health assessment and appropriate remedial action. To prevent side effects, consult with a medical professional prior to use.

 

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